There are over 100 different types of cancer. Cancer types are typically named after the tissues or organs in which they develop. Lung cancer, for example, begins in the lung, whilst brain cancer commences in the brain. Cancers can also be classified based on the type of cell that gave rise to them, such as squamous cells or epithelial cells. In addition, there is Mexican cancer treatment available for the types of cancer. And before doctors proceed with the right treatment, they have to learn the type of cancer a patient has.
So what triggers cancer?
Changes to your cell’s DNA, or mutations, are the main cause of cancer. Mutations in the DNA can be inherited. Furthermore, they may develop later in life as a result of environmental factors.
These outside factors, also known as carcinogens, may consist of:
- physical carcinogens – ultraviolet light and radiation
- chemical carcinogens – alcohol, asbestos, cigarette smoke, air pollution, and tainted food and water
- biological cancer-causing agents – bacteria, viruses, and parasites
The most widely known type of cancer is carcinoma. They are created by epithelial cells, which cover both the inside and outside of the body. There are many different types of epithelial cells, which have a column-like shape when displayed through a microscope. Adenocarcinoma, basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and transitional cell carcinoma are some of the different subtypes.
These are cancers that begin in the bone marrow, which produces blood. These cancers do not produce solid tumors. Instead, the bone marrow and blood become congested with abnormal white blood cells, known as leukemia cells, and leukemic blast cells crowd the healthy blood cells. It may be more difficult for the body to control bleeding, fight infections, or deliver oxygen to its tissues when the normal blood cell count is low.
Cancer that starts in lymphocytes is called lymphoma. These white blood cells, which are a component of the immune system, fight disease. In lymphoma, abnormal lymphocytes accumulate in the body’s lymph nodes, lymph vessels, and other organs.
Two primary types of lymphoma are:
- Hodgkin lymphoma: Those who have this condition have Reed-Sternberg cells, which are abnormal lymphocytes. B cells are typically the source of these cells.
- Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is a broad category of cancers that originate in lymphocytes. The cancers can develop from either B or T cells and can spread quickly or slowly.
Melanocytes, which are specially designed cells that produce melanin, are where melanomas, a type of cancer, first appear in the pigment that gives skin its color. The majority of melanomas develop on the skin, but they can also develop in other pigmented tissues, like the eye.
Sarcomas are cancers that develop in the blood vessels, muscles, fat, lymphatic vessels, and fibrous tissue that form soft tissues and bones, such as ligaments and tendons. A common type of bone cancer is osteosarcoma.
Spinal cord and brain tumors
Brain and spinal cord tumors can come in different forms. These tumors are called after the cell type which they come from and the area of the central nervous system where they first appeared. For example, astrocytes, which support the well-being of brain nerve cells, are the source of an astrocyte tumor. Brain tumors can be malignant (cancerous) or benign (not cancerous).
Cancer is a group of chronic diseases caused by hormonal changes in your cells. Cancer cells that divide abnormally fast can form tumors. Smoking, alcohol consumption, a lack of physical activity, poor nutrition, and contracting specific bacteria and viruses are all risk factors for cancer. Checkups may aid in the early detection of cancer when it is more manageable to treat. The treatment plan and perspective for cancer patients can vary depending on the type of cancer, the stage in which it is diagnosed, along with their age and general health.